By Jonathan Zeitlin, Gary Herrigel
This ebook develops a brand new and conceptually detailed research of Americanization in ecu and eastern after the second one global battle, according to a wealthy set of sectoral and firm-based stories via a global staff of exceptional students. The authors spotlight the self sufficient and inventive function of neighborhood actors in selectively adapting US expertise and administration easy methods to go well with neighborhood stipulations and, strikingly, in developing new hybrid kinds that mixed indigenous and international practices in unexpected and infrequently remarkably aggressive methods.
Read Online or Download Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-War Europe and Japan PDF
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Extra info for Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-War Europe and Japan
Part One examines post-war efforts at exporting US industrial practice by public agencies and private enterprises respectively, highlighting the internal tensions and diversity among the would-be prophets of the American model. Part Two, the core of the book, then goes on to examine the variety of European and Japanese engagements with US technology and management through a series of country chapters focusing on key metalworking industries such as steel, motor vehicles, mechanical engineering, and electrical equipment, together with closely allied sectors like rubber tyres, electronics, and telecommunications.
43 The intersection of these axes of variation shaped the relative strength of domestic commitment to and enthusiasm for emulation of the American model. Britain and Sweden on the one hand and France and Italy on the other could thus be located at opposite ends of an international spectrum of post-war responses to industrial Americanization. 44 Such overarching generalizations must be immediately qualiﬁed by a recognition of the multiplicity of actors and their divergent stances towards Americanization within each country itself.
Thus Moses Abramovitz, one of the founders of the modern convergence approach, insists that productivity catch-up is not an automatic process, but depends on supplementary conditions such as ‘social capability’ (a loosely deﬁned complex of national attributes, attitudes, and institutions favourable to the absorption of foreign innovations), natural resource endowments, and ‘technological congruence’: ‘the relevance or usefulness to less advanced countries of the techniques and forms of organization that characterize the frontiers of productivity in a leading economy’.