By Roger Daniels
"Once i presumed to put in writing a historical past of the immigrants in the United States. Then i found that the immigrants were American history," wrote historian Oscar Handlin. Immigrants and generations in their descendants have outlined the yankee state from its starting and proceed to supply America's attribute range, representing essentially each race, nationality, faith, and ethnic workforce around the globe. a few immigrants got here to the hot global looking for fiscal achieve. Others have been introduced in chains. nonetheless others came across safe haven in the United States from spiritual or ethnic persecution.
This single-volume encyclopedia contains greater than three hundred entries, masking a number of facets of immigration historical past and policy:
* ethnic teams, together with census and immigration records, significant classes of immigration and components of payment, important faith, and historic background
* key immigration laws, equivalent to the chinese language Exclusion Act, Immigration Act of 1990, and Refugee Act of 1980
* phrases and ideas, together with eco-friendly card, quota method, citizen, naturalization, photograph brides, and nativism
* different types of immigrants, together with refugees, indentured servants, kids, and exiles
* immigration stations: Angel Island, citadel backyard, and Ellis Island * spiritual teams and church buildings, similar to Amish, Huguenots, Muslims, and japanese ceremony churches
* additional studying lists and cross-references persist with each one entry
An introductory essay presents a cogent evaluation of the complete scope of the publication. greater than a hundred and fifty images and illustrations supplement the entries. Statistical bins complement the articles with key info. an inventory of immigration, ethnic, and refugee corporations; a consultant to additional examine that incorporates books, museums, and internet sites; and a close chronology finish this helpful source for learn in American heritage, ethnic and multicultural experiences, and genealogy.
Oxford's pupil partners to American background are cutting-edge references for faculty and residential, in particular designed and written for a while 12 via grownup. every one publication is a concise yet complete A-to-Z advisor to an important ancient interval or topic in U.S. historical past, with articles on key matters and fashionable contributors. The authors--distinguished students famous of their components of expertise--ensure that the entries are actual, updated, and available. precise positive aspects comprise an introductory part on the way to use the e-book, additional analyzing lists, cross-references, chronology, and whole index.
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Additional resources for American Immigration: A Student Companion (Oxford Student Companions to American History)
They avoid jewelry. The Amish believe that in dressing as they do they are following Biblical injunctions, but historians of clothing note that they wear the common dress of 17th-century Germanic Europe. Amish artifacts, especially quilts, are quite marketable. Some Amish shun all modern technology and travel by horse and buggy; others use tractors. Some refuse to have telephones; others have them but keep them outside of their homes; while still others have them inside their houses. Amish do not believe in "advanced"—that is, high school— education for their children.
By 1970 there were 70,000 persons who 35 • A R A B S - identified themselves as Arab Americans living in and around Detroit, which has become the "capital" of Arab America. There were a few Muslim Arabs in the United States before World War II, but it was very difficult to practice their religion, as there were only a few mosques before the 1950s. One scholar has reported that upon discovering that America was bilad kafur—a land of unbelief—one prospective immigrant immediately got off the ship to the United States, because he did not want to live among unbelievers.
In outward appearance Amish are distinctive. The men wear broad-brimmed black hats, beards but not moustaches, and plain, homemade clothes usually fastened with hooks and eyes (rather than zippers or buttons). The women wear bonnets, long dresses with capes or shawls, and black shoes and stockings. They avoid jewelry. The Amish believe that in dressing as they do they are following Biblical injunctions, but historians of clothing note that they wear the common dress of 17th-century Germanic Europe.