By Saartje Verbeke
The e-book presents an summary of the alignment styles present in smooth Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract ends up in a balanced view at the idea of ergativity and evaluates its price for typological linguistics. The ebook deals an intensive dialogue of prior methods to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The publication is a radical synchronic examine of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.
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Extra info for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages
In both Dixon’s and Merlan’s terminology, the idea of a “split” S is involved. However, according to Donohue and Wichmann, when “S” is split, S no longer exists as a homogeneous, unitary category in the language. , “split-S” marking, as misguided. 20 Theoretical preliminaries sative or ergative alignment patterns (cf. Comrie 1973). ). For these reasons, Dowty (1991) abandons semantic roles and the traditional subject/object distinction altogether and argues in favor of “protoroles”. Protoroles are prototypical semantic roles based on clusters of semantic and grammatical features that have irregular distributions in different languages.
The reasons for these deviating constructions are manifold, but certain alignment patterns appear to be recurrent in the splits. On the basis of these recurrent constructions, one can hypothesize possible motivations for the splits. Since Silverstein (1976), the concept of “referential hierarchy” has been related to case marking and “splits” in alignment patterns. Silverstein noted that referential features of core arguments influence their case marking. He constructed a feature inventory of these referential features and related the inventory with the case marking patterns in different languages.
Splits may have various motivations, including the semantic factors entailed by the so-called “referential hierarchies”. 1 Silverstein’s hierarchy Split alignment has been a common term in the literature since Dixon (1979). For instance, languages with split alignment may display a predominantly ergative pattern, but they will have constructions diverting from this alignment, often in favor of an accusative pattern. The reasons for these deviating constructions are manifold, but certain alignment patterns appear to be recurrent in the splits.