By Dreck Spurlock Wilson
An excellent source. brief bios of early Afro-American architects with photographs in their signature structures.
Read Online or Download African American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary, 1865-1945 PDF
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Additional info for African American Architects: A Biographical Dictionary, 1865-1945
1919. MARY ANN NEELY, MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA A biographical dictionary 1865-1945 11 Archibald Alphonse Alexander (1888–1958) Harmon Foundation “Engineering is a tough field at best and it may be twice as tough for a Negro,” a professor told Archie Alexander, a student at the State University of Iowa in Iowa City, in 1909. ”2 Ebony Magazine echoed these sentiments in two 1949 articles profiling accomplished and wealthy African American businessmen, including Alexander. His commercial success as an architectural engineer is noteworthy for a very unusual business structure: an inter-racial partnership.
Throughout Louisiana, he designed and built courses in Hammond, Abita Springs, Covington, and Baton Rouge. At each one, except for the segregated Pontchartrain Park facility, Bartholomew was denied access to play on the courses he had created. As the years passed, the successful golf course architect acquired a number of pieces of heavy earthmoving equipment. Initially he rented equipment to local (predominately White) contractors. When he realized that the heavy construction equipment provided significant financial return, Bartholomew decided Pontchartrain Park Municipal Golf Course, Courtesy of New Orleans Planning Commission to venture into excavation, foundation construction, and large-scale landscaping projects.
Inside, a wide expansive sanctuary had a low acoustically treated ceiling that allowed the space to double as a broadcast studio, complete with all the modern radio technologies. Clearly, Cobbs and Bailey collaborated to redefine the form and needs of the modern African American church. The building still stands, but was modified in December 1945 following a fire. The alterations involved the addition of a canopy and double towers on the facade as well as modifications to the interior. The building was given protective “Chicago Landmark” status on October 5, 1994.