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By Karel Werner

A multi-purpose reference paintings which may still turn into an critical better half for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. contains a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a thesaurus of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the ancient improvement of Hinduism.

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Wheel. Calendar had never quite been unified throughout India before the adoption of the European system. The basis of the Hindu year is a lunar month (which begins with the full moon in the North and with the new moon in the South), divided into the bright half , starting with the new moon, and the dark half , starting with the full moon. There are twelve lunar months divided into six seasons : Vasanta (spring): Caitra (March/April), Vaiśākha (April/ May); (hot season): (May/June), (June/July); (rainy season): (July/August), Bhādrapada (August/September); Śarad (autumn): Aśvinā, Aśvayuja (September/October), Kārttika (October/November); Hemanta (winter): (November/December), (December/January); Śiśira (frosty season): Māgha (January/February), Phālguna (February/ March).

In the early Vedic period brahman designated the mysterious power of mantras, sacrificial formulae and prayer, but gradually its meaning deepened, no doubt under the influence of the AV where it denoted the highest reality. In Advaita Vedānta brahman is asserted as the sole reality, while the multiplicity of the experienced manifested reality, including individual selves, is regarded as a product of illusion (māyā), born out of ignorance (avidyā). , brahman, brāhman, brahmin priest; a member of the first of the four hereditary castes.

A terrifying emanation of Durgā from her forehead for the purpose of killing the demons and . INTRODUCTION 35 an outcast; an untouchable; sometimes used in the narrow sense for the ‘subcaste’ of the untouchables engaged in washing and clothing corpses and carrying them to the burning . Candella (Chandella) a Rājput dynasty which flourished from 800–1204. Its rulers were builders and patrons of the Khajurāho temple complex. Candī, Candika one of the names of the goddess Kālī. (fourteenth century) a Bengali bhakta and poet with Sahajiyā background who greatly influenced Caitanya.

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