By Gregg Henriques
Trouble approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't new, yet there has for the previous decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to look for methods to unify the discipline.
A New Unified concept of Psychology introduces a brand new procedure that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent thought comprises 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and provides a transparent strategy to unify a few of the parts of the sector. The unified conception presents the sector of psychology with a well-defined subject material, permitting either educational psychologists can be in a position to enhance a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its kin with different sciences, picking its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its a number of schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technology, animal/human, bewildering array of likely nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has a very good skill to explain, learn, and summarize in a number of pages big and intricate parts of analysis (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with no getting slowed down in examine details...I specifically loved the extra own info and anecdotes the booklet layout gave him the gap to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad college. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure specified research of what he saw as venture director for a scientific trial of cognitive remedy in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released document of the study...All advised, it's now not mild analyzing, but when you take pleasure in pondering substantial photo subject matters you will discover loads of nutrients for suggestion here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined via incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technological know-how, simply because there is not any experience during which every one iteration of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of earlier generations of researchers… This booklet is written for medical and examine psychologists, and consequently avoids this type of mathematical version development and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it truly is nearly most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists think of psychology to be a conception of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the proposal of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. hence, Henriques takes his first objective to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of data with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied through physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied by means of biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that is the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied by way of the social sciences. Henriques can pay distinctive realization to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of data. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled by means of organic evolutionary concept, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding conception, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled via what he calls Justification concept. via Behavioral funding conception, Henriques potential primarily the rational selection version of determination, organic and monetary concept, even if he provides a measurement of complexity to human habit by means of asserting that Justification idea calls for a "rational emotional actor" that's not safely modeled in commonplace rational selection idea (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally comprises video game idea as a part of Behavioral funding thought, just because decision-making whilst there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This standpoint is easy to fiscal conception. In biology, the extension of determination thought (e.g., foraging conception) to online game conception used to be pioneered by means of John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now's normal in all of animal habit concept. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled through an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person who regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all online game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the collection of behaviors ruled via the impact Matrix… i think Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding concept is crucial integrating thought during this booklet. If this precept by myself have been integrated uniformly all through learn psychology, it will offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified idea of Psychology is terrifically difficult, to the purpose of probably being a brand new starting for psychology as a study discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and crucial ecu collage, September 2011)
“Offers a collection of nested frameworks that places assorted components of mental examine and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also priceless that the publication has first-class transitions, with summaries often reminding the readers the place they've been and waiting for the place they're going. … If i'll educate a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this might be the publication. If i'll suggest one ebook to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sphere, this could be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the loss of life of the so-called grand theories provided by means of luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a extensive photo of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The final result has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings with out actual skill to respond to sizeable questions or to generate a shared common knowing of the human situation. This ebook seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified thought of psychology that redefines the technology and the occupation and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the strategy.
A New Unified conception of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mixture of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this scenario, any critical attempt to supply integration and harmony inside of mental wisdom and knowing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard is not just critical, yet some of the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, fantastically reasoned, basically articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified conception in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous publication represents a noble quest to supply a extensive, values-based, and medical framework which holds the ability to arrange our paintings and movement us ahead in robust, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very formidable e-book, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental study and conception. even though varied readers will most probably make varied judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold which could might be encourage psychologists to appear open air the slender confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to how you can deal with the whole variety of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and sensible, this publication is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of data to a consilient framework, to be able to enable multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend it slow familiarizing themselves with the strategies and proposals offered during this seminal quantity via a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
Read or Download A New Unified Theory of Psychology PDF
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Extra resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
In presenting the case to my supervisor and classmates, I argued that the network of self-deprecating beliefs served an obvious function, given her developmental history. Namely, the beliefs she had about herself had functioned to justify submission and deference in a context where any form of defiance was severely punished. It was the first time I explicitly used the concept of justification to describe how language-based beliefs about self and others were functionally organized. I arrived home about a half an hour late following the discussion about the patient and found myself explaining to my wife that traffic was particularly bad.
I could have pulled any nonfiction book off my shelf and found a similar opening; each book contains a system of thought or argument that must be justified. Of course, this book is no exception. Indeed, the unified theory itself is a justification system. Now turn on the television. What are advertisements, but displays legitimizing the purchase of the product, either explicitly or implicitly? Turn to a talk show, a political commentary, or a show documenting legal or political proceedings. Or watch a drama or comedy or any other show with people regularly interacting.
Almost without exception, what you will find is an explicit justification for the work and an articulation of how the work exists in relationship to other justification systems. For example, I happen to have on my desk a book on cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia by Kingdon and Turkington (1994). The book opens with a foreword by A. T. Beck, justifying the need for this approach. I could have pulled any nonfiction book off my shelf and found a similar opening; each book contains a system of thought or argument that must be justified.